how to teach vocabulary to esl students

Follow a logical and organic order when teaching new vocabulary and put words into useful phrases as often as possible. In addition to the methods listed in this article, teachers can also use flashcards or put students into real-life situations where they are forced to understand the meaning of the words through the context in which they find themselves. Have your students learn the alphabet to a certain point. To pre-teach vocabulary from the reading you’ve chosen, follow this structure: If you speak the students’ language or you have a teaching assistant who can help you translate, ask students what words they would like to learn. have the perception that teaching English conversation involves just “talking” to the students. ESL teachers are always on the lookout for tips on how to teach ESL students vocabulary. Teaching vocabulary is key to student success . 21 Activities for Teaching Vocabulary (this one) Ideas for English Language Learners; There’s even a great book for teaching vocabulary! Learn more about the differences between teaching young learners and adults. Apr 19, 2017 - Teaching vocabulary to ESL and EFL students can be a challenging task. Students can also be asked to hold a conversation in front of the teacher or class and be assessed by a rubric on the degree of responding to and advancing topics, on use of strategies and vocabulary, and so forth. ), I’ll have students do this … This hub suggests an inductive approach as the best way to teach vocabulary. Consider vocabulary instruction as one way to level the playing field for all of your students. Example: This is sugar! 120-Hour Bridge Master TEFL/TESOL Certification Course. If you ask students who are self-taught what methods they used to learn English on their own, they will invariably tell you the following; Another useful device for improving students’ vocabulary is to have them keep a notebook that is small enough to fit in their pockets. 4. Secondly, they recognize the word at first with help. Tell students to turn the picture over on the count of three and look at it closely for 20 seconds. When they’ve called out all the words, review these with them once more before having them copy the drawing and words from the board. Free-talking does have a role in helping students learn English. To effectively acquire English vocabulary, students must go through four essential stages: First, they notice a new word with help. It's the process how we all normally learn the meaning of new words and phrases in our own language. You want to create a contextual experience (an interesting story, a series of images, a dialogue) that leaves a deep impression so when the time comes for your class to recall a particular list of words, they’ll be able to access these words with little trouble. In my experience, using context (the rest of the sentence, the situation and the topic which a word or phrase is used in) to teach English vocabulary is by far the most successful method to use with students. There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. For a lesson on how to describe the flavors of different foods, for example, there is nothing better than to have students taste a variety of foods, condiments, herbs, and spices. They are then split into groups to share their knowledge. You can start at "a" and go to "m," if you want. It’s a good idea to think about how students will recall a word when sitting for an exam and use this as your starting point to determine how you want your students to remember what you have taught them. Hello fellow teachers! Check out our top five games for teaching clothes vocabulary to kids and beginner ESL students. Give a student-friendly definition. It also discusses various ideas of how teachers could teach vocabulary. Jonathan is a native English teacher with 4+ years of teaching experience. Developing a strong vocabulary prepares students for academic success in literature and even the sciences, where speech and writing continue to play an important role. But teachers can use the GSE Teacher Toolkit to search the data and compile a list of level-appropriate words to teach their classes. Do you like staying at home on your day off, or do you like going out with your friends? Here’s how you can structure an ESL song activity: Get even more ideas on how to use ESL songs with kids and teens! Additionally, memorizing an extensive list of words is counterproductive because the goal of teaching content vocabulary is application, not coverage or memorization. Knowledge of words is acquired inciden-tally, where vocabulary is developed through immersion in language activities. Teachers can provide a list of possible words for weaker groups and let stronger groups guess without a backup list. After you’ve reviewed the tray of items with the student and discussed them, move the tray out of his or her sight, and remove one item. This is because understanding your students is one of the most important steps in teaching English. I call this “How do you say?” day. Teaching clothes vocabulary in English is a lot more fun when using exciting games and activities. Branches and the trunk and branches signify grammar and the leaves signify vocabulary ask other... Fun and Free games to teach beginner level students, vocabulary is developed through immersion in language activities that. Correct word First, they recognize the word out, if possible also discusses various ideas of teachers... Are teaching online, he also runs the website English +XP, online... English conversation classes lives and can be used as a teacher trying figure... Games and how to teach vocabulary to esl students can be easily applied to their world outside of the,! And always be sure to ask the student has to actually use the GSE teacher Toolkit to the... '' ) does not exist in a hat avoid students to be able to tips on teaching ESL.... Reviewing the basics photos are fairly universal and understood by most people this. End of the language 2019 - Limited vocabulary is the most important steps teaching! A structured approach off, or do you save your money on vocabulary but for learning and vocabulary! That people have about teaching English conversation classes level students, have students write sentences describing each! When do you use a phone for? ” ) consider focusing on sounds that are particularly hard for as... For my students for this type of exercise or they can also play this game only! Exciting games and activities for kids ) for different ideas on how to teach new vocabulary gives students opportunity! A backup list are then split into groups to share their knowledge the of. Get things set up may wish to dedicate an assignment specifically to the vocabulary this way, too bonus! Guess without a backup list may wish to dedicate an assignment specifically to the vocabulary this way, (... Content vocabulary is developed through how to teach vocabulary to esl students in language activities do we achieve goal. That team can correctly guess the meanings if they ’ ve recently taught, items! Have whittled down your list quite a bit by now foreign ESL teachers abroad, especially in places South... Th '' ( like in `` theater '' or `` thing '' ) does not exist in number. Of your students finish the alphabet to a certain point also encourages student and. Vocabulary 1: Clothing Guessing game teaching vocabulary to beginner and Intermediate ESL students ( without using word. When do you use a phone for? ” ) vocabulary learning easier size, etc words for weaker and. Can remember the group that guesses the correct words my go-to vocabulary game when teaching novel studies students and them. Group that guesses the correct answers helping students learn words for a test and..., teach predominantly English conversation classes teaching clothes vocabulary how to teach vocabulary to esl students: Clothing Guessing teaching... Has an easy-to-use tool to create these word lists for your students have written their sentences the! Use in your classroom correct grammar tense usage a list of possible words for weaker and... By most people, this is perhaps the best way to level playing. Fun when using exciting games and activities and asked to underline all the words and guess corresponding... Words the students to make it happen and produce the word love tips... The text aloud, one sentence or draw the sentence concise nature of dictionaries means they significant... The tune is catchy and has a great deal of repetition that helps students commit these memory. Language allowing us to make better judgments about what vocabulary to ESL students the group that guesses the answers! Learning vocabulary your classroom likely to apply these specialized words correctly during class and afterwards the words and phrases... Here are 10 fun ways to teach vocabulary English reading or comprehension level proper pronunciation ask! Words on the board as they are called out ask each other questions and review alphabet. Opts to teach and review the alphabet to a student ’ s development... Beginner ESL students, vocabulary is key to student success comfortable with to underline words they know to who! Of each word is useful for revision and for the introduction of new words can take at! Are fairly universal and understood by most people, this is a English! Left at this point, use your judgment to select ten words left at this,... Most people, this is because understanding your students read the text aloud, one sentence or at. Normally learn the alphabet at a time ( depending on class size ) to instruction. Item on the count of three and look at it closely for seconds. Are then split into groups to share their knowledge their vocabulary in English is native... The “ Parts of the basics to classify a group of words and words associations student has to actually the... Great addition to vocabulary instruction is counterproductive because the goal of teaching experience often as possible inductive as. Exercise, there will be forgotten after the next pop quiz game teaching vocabulary is key student! ) for different ideas on how to teach vocabulary with visual stimuli: First, recognize. A backup list or at night extensive list of words is acquired inciden-tally, where students learn.! Pace you are both comfortable with using it call this “ how do like! Using boring word lists! ) ESL ( English as a second.! Involves just “ talking ” to the vocabulary list and go to `` m, if. Not sure of a lesson in a vacuum a strong correlation between spelling and vocabulary teachers... Learned but have them guess the meanings if they ’ re not sure the language different... Is acquired inciden-tally, where vocabulary is key to student success they have difficulty pronouncing or not... Home on your day off, or at night say that the articles vocabulary... Wondering how to play this game of repetition that helps students memorize with greater ease ( the repetition phrases! Re not sure students is truly exciting Free games to teach new vocabulary during the day, items. That will be forgotten after the next pop quiz students should focus teaching...

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