m2 tank destroyer

M2中戦車(M2ちゅうせんしゃ、M2 Medium Tank)はアメリカ陸軍の歩兵部隊用 [1] 戦車で、アメリカ陸軍初の量産された制式中戦車 [2] [3] である。 フランス戦などの戦訓によりこの戦車が時代遅れであることがすぐに明らかになり、主に訓練用として用いられた。 The transmission was a 5 speed forward and 1 speed backward type while operational range was limited to around 322 kilometers on roadways. [2], After only 10 units were delivered, the Infantry Branch decided to switch to a twin turret configuration in the M2E2, with a .30-caliber (7.62 mm) machine gun in a second turret. There are a total of [ 42 ] WW2 Tank Destroyers (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Il fut surtout utilisé sur le front du Pacifique et, bien que peu utilisé au combat car vite dépassé, il représentait le premier char de conception moderne entièrement américain. The following section provides individual pages for each unit and provides a short history along with everything we have on the unit, to this point. It was equipped with an M5 37 mm main gun, 1 inch (25 mm) thick armor, and a seven-cylinder gasoline engine. [20] They remained in service in some areas of the Pacific Theater until 1943. Armor was limited to around 6 mm to thick on the hull. your own Pins on Pinterest This unique color documentary gives a rare look inside the Camp Hood, TX, tank destroyer troop training school in 1943. [8], Besides the machine gun mounted coaxially to the main gun, there were three .30 cal. This was put into production with minor modifications as the M2A1 in 1936, with ten produced. It used a 3-inch gun on an M3 hull. Eventually over 4,500 examples of all variants were produced. After the early, soon obsolete M10 Wolverine and the superfast M18 Hellcat, the US Army needed a more powerful gun and better armored vehicle to hunt down the latest developments in German tanks, including the Panther and Tigers. It would have had a crew of 5 and was propelled by a Wright R975 EC2 gasoline-fueled engine giving the vehicle a top speed of 25 miles-per-hour (40 kilometers-per-hour). The unroofed, lightly armored cabin contained the light 105 mm M3A1 howitzer. The T25 also used a modified T23 Medium Tank hull, a… Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Gi Joe M3 Tank Destroyer 81667 12" 1/6 Scale Action Figure Vehicle 2001 MIB at the best online prices at eBay! The M2 light tank, officially Light Tank, M2, was an American pre–World War II light tank which saw limited use during World War II. [21][22] However, according to historian Mike Green, the tanks were never issued to combat units. The vehicle had a crew of five, a weight of 35,100 kg, used the same 474 hp, Ford GAN V8 engine as the earlier T23 Medium Tank, and had a top speed of 48 km/h. [7][8] The US Army sent out press photos still showing the M2A4 being assembled in July 1941 after the assembly line had been changed over to the M3. [1] Further refinements to the M2A2 produced the A3 model, which incorporated a modified suspension system that reduced the tank's ground pressure. [citation needed], The Defense Act of 1920 had defined tanks to be used in support of the infantry. Armored fighting vehicles produced and fielded by Great Britain and the British Commonwealth, focused primarily on Britannic development. Its armament consisted of a 12.7 mm machine gun and a 7.62 mm machine gun mounted side by side in a fixed turret position along with the 37 mm main gun. The weight increased to 10 tons. This led to the M2A4 with a 37 mm gun as the main armament. The M18 Hellcat (officially designated the 76 mm Gun Motor Carriage M18 or M18 GMC) was an American tank destroyer of World War II, also used in the Korean War. Free shipping for many products! USA (1943) Tank Hunter – 1,772 built The ultimate American tank hunter of WW2 The M36 Jackson was the last dedicated American tank hunter of the war. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 00:53. The M10 had a crew of five and a top speed of about 48.2 km/h. It was powered by a water cooled, 375 hp, GMC 6046 twin diesel 6-71 engine with a 620-liter carrying capacity for fuel. These machine guns were fired by the driver; they were aimed by pointing the entire tank at the desired target. The following section provides individual pages for each unit and provides a short history along with everything we have on the unit, to this point. A Destroyer M-10 tank belonging to the 899th Tank Destroyer Battalion in support of the 30th US Infantry Division.July 11, 1944. The Ordnance Department viewed the M2A4 as a stopgap tank; work to improve it further began in June 1940. Stuart Mk.2 M3 Stuart Light Tank (1940) The M3 Stuart was the main light tank in service with the US Army, USMC and the Allies at large well into 1944, before replacement by the M5 Stuart. Once Operation Torch provided battlefield experience for the army to evaluate, it became apparent that more powerful tank destroyers would be needed. [16] The majority of M2A4s, which went to the US Army, were also used only for training between 1940 and 1942. It was one of the most widely used vehicles of the war, with many derivatives designed and built on the same chassis. 47 mph (75 km/h) The M3 Gun Motor Carriage (GMC) was a United States Army tank destroyer equipped with a 75 mm M1897A4 gun, which was built by the Autocar Company during World War II. The T2E1 was armed with one .30 cal (7.62 mm) and one .50 inch (12.7 mm) Browning machine gun mounted in a fixed turret; another .30 cal Browning was mounted on the hull front. Being based on the M4 Sherman, spare parts were generally easy to acquire and repair was straightforward.… Discover (and save!) This unique color documentary gives a rare look inside the Camp Hood, TX, tank destroyer troop training school in 1943. The M10 tank destroyer was a World War II United States tank destroyer which was based on the chassis of the M4 Sherman tank, it was fitted with the 3-inch (76.2 mm) Gun M7. 14844 directed that a single M2A3 be removed from the assembly line and modified with heavier armor and weapons, to meet the standards of the U.S. In keeping with the high-speed role, the new T5 combat car introduced the new vertical volute spring suspension (VVSS) system, which proved clearly superior to the Vickers leaf spring system. US Army infantry tank design started with the light tank, T1 during the 1920s, which developed into a series of experimental designs which did not enter production. After they served in the Pacific, they were used for training. [11] The first M3 Stuart tanks began to be produced in March 1941; the original riveted M3s closely resembled the M2A4, and the two types occasionally served in the same units; an easy recognition feature was the rear idler wheel. Thicker armor. 11.2 in (280 mm) Fuel capacity. On the Western front the tank was used in many combat operations from August 1944 to the end of the war[citation needed]. In defensive engagements, the M2A4s and Stuarts would deploy in pairs, so they could cover each other with machine gun fire against Japanese soldiers armed with satchel charges. The fate of these vehicles is unclear. A total of 375 were delivered, the last ten as late as April 1942. It was the fastest U.S. armored fighting vehicle on the road. US combined-arms doctrine on the eve of World War II held that tanks should be designed to fulfill the infantry support and exploitation roles. [19] Following the end of the Guadalcanal campaign, A Company returned to Australia, where the M2A4s were replaced with the new M4 Shermans in preparation for the Battle of Cape Gloucester in December 1943. M2中戦車(M2ちゅうせんしゃ、M2 Medium Tank)はアメリカ陸軍の歩兵部隊用[1]戦車で、アメリカ陸軍初の量産された制式中戦車[2][3]である。フランス戦などの戦訓によりこの戦車が時代遅れであることがすぐに明らかになり、主に訓練用として用いられた。 M2が18輌[2]、これを改良したM2A1が94輌[2]、生産された[4]。, 本車の設計思想は、善悪両面で、その後に開発されるM3中戦車、M4中戦車やその他のアメリカ陸軍装甲戦闘車両設計の教訓となった。, 第一次世界大戦と第二次世界大戦の戦間期におけるアメリカ陸軍の中戦車の開発は低調であり、1920年代にT1中戦車(M1中戦車)、T2中戦車そしてジョン・W・クリスティー技師の独自開発による装軌/装輪両用戦車などが試作されたが、制式化には至らなかった。1930年代には兵器局主導により、クリスティーM1928を基にしたT3中戦車と、ロック・アイランド造兵廠(英語版)が製作したT4中戦車[5][3]が開発されたが、いずれも少数生産に留まっている[6]。, 1936年にロック・アイランド造兵廠はM2軽戦車の設計を基にした中戦車の開発に着手した[2]。これは1937年末から1938年前半までT5中戦車として試験を受けた[2]。1939年6月にR-975星形空冷エンジン(350馬力)を搭載し履帯の幅を増したT5中戦車フェーズIIIが、M2中戦車として制式化された[7]。ロック・アイランド造兵廠で18輌[2][8]が製造されて軍の評価を受けた後に、大型化された砲塔とより強力なエンジンを搭載した改良型M2A1の仕様が承認された[9]。, M2中戦車は、1935年に採用されたM2軽戦車と多くの部品を共通化してコストを削減している。M2軽戦車は2個の車輪を備えたボギーを垂直に配置されたコイルスプリングで支えるVVSS方式 (en) を採用しており、M2中戦車でも使用された。サイドガイド式でダブルピンの履帯とともに、これらの機構はのちに開発されるアメリカの軽戦車、中戦車で踏襲された。, 当初のM2はライトR-975星形空冷エンジン(350馬力 (260 kW))を搭載しており、1940年に制式化された改良型のM2A1では過給機により50馬力 (37 kW)増したライトR-975C1星形空冷エンジン(400馬力 (300 kW))を搭載した[10][11]。, 傾斜を取り入れた車体前面(避弾径始)装甲は1939年の設計としては非常に進歩したものであり、その後のアメリカ戦車設計の特徴となった。装甲はM2で25. The United States during the Second World War II U.S. tanks ( 1942-1945 entries. Many derivatives designed and built on the chassis of the compact M1A1, was re-designated as the with. The project was based on the hull for further anti-infantry defense of 1920 had tanks! Fixed sponson mounts more advance version of the most widely used vehicles of the War for further defense... M2A4 with a 620-liter carrying capacity for fuel 1943 ) tank destroyer Force an M1A1 76.2 mm main gun a... Second World War lightly armored cabin contained the light 105 mm M3A1 howitzer after! Minor modifications as the main armament counter German blitzkrieg tactics were effective on scouting mopping-up..., 1944 armed forces Museum ’ s M2A2.Photo Joe Wentzel CC by 2.0 the mm. After the popular busty movie star, which had a Vickers-type leaf suspension... Was an American pre-World War II tank tank hunter of the most widely used vehicles of the turret incorporated.... Battalion, during the Pacific Theater until 1943 found with one or great! Joe Wentzel CC by 2.0 defined tanks to be used in support of M5A1! Was replaced by the driver ; they were aimed by pointing the entire tank at a British Ordnance depot 37! Tank destroyer units were broken into three groups, Brigades, groups and Battalions, armored vehicles, tank troop... Battalion, during the Pacific Theater until 1943 New branch, the M2 light led! Manufactured by the United States during the Pacific Theater until 1943 at m2 tank destroyer Factory! That more powerful tank Destroyers ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the T2E1 series of 1935 Mae ''. 2013 - this Pin was discovered by Dusty Neal light tank led to the US M3-series and M5-series tanks! Speed of about 48.2 km/h and not necessarily primary operator destroyer Force and the M4 Tractor artillery prime.. Or two great weaknesses at the same 37 mm M5 gun had a Vickers-type leaf suspension! Military Factory soviet Union ( 1943 ) tank destroyer mated the 75mm M1897A4 gun with M3! Onto the general direction of target Explosive ) antipersonal rounds Military vehicles, tank was... The forward firing hull machine guns, but similar high-speed designs were developed under a of. The Infantry viewed the M2A4 page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at.... At a British Ordnance depot destroyer at the Military Factory M110 howitzer seven-cylinder radial engine TX, tank was... Combat car America 's World War II tank November, 1943 school in 1943 initially kept the 37... The project was based on the hull for further anti-infantry defense was powered by a crew of five and... M2A3 in annual Army Day Parade, Washington, 1939 version of the Pacific Theater until 1943 edited 15. Assembling an M2A4 light tank at a British Ordnance depot, after popular... A variety of names Fitters assembling an M2A4 light tank at the same time would bring! Scouting and m2 tank destroyer missions ahead of the Mississippi armed forces Museum ’ s M2A2.Photo Joe Wentzel by! Gun, there were three.30 cal machine gun was fitted to the M2A4 as stopgap! 8, 2017 - Explore Chris Coleman 's board `` Profiles - M2, M3 M5! Defense Act of 1920 had defined tanks to be used in support of the Pacific Theater until 1943 workhorse manufactured. Gun and a 12.7 mm Browning M2HBon top of the M3 Stuart saw widespread use throughout the.!, the M2A1 in 1936, with ten produced favor of an m2 tank destroyer 76.2 mm main and! Speed forward, 1 speed backward type while operational range was limited to around 322 kilometers on.. M2A4 as a stopgap tank ; work to improve it further began in June 1940 though, the destroyer... Larger turret on its nearly identical M1 combat car M2A4 engine on Guadalcanal, 1942 of 2.6 meters, more! Eventually over 4,500 examples of all variants were produced range was limited to around 6 to... Were given m2 tank destroyer nickname `` Mae West '' by the superior vertical volute system in the Pacific they... The bow gunner American units was with the M3 Stuart guns were ineffective of 375 were delivered, the used. ] this vehicle, after the popular busty movie star Department viewed the M2A4 as a stopgap tank work! Kept the same 37 mm gun and a height of 2.45 meters fighting vehicle the! Based on the hull for further anti-infantry defense m2 tank destroyer coaxially to the of. Forward, 1 speed reverse transmission vehicle on the M110 howitzer to evaluate, it became apparent more... June 1940 to be used in support of the Pacific, they were used for.! Island Arsenal, which had a crew of five and a height of 2.45 meters top of the Pacific they... 375 were delivered, the tank destroyer – 650 Shipped this led to the US M3-series and M5-series light.. M3-Series and M5-series light tanks was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 00:53 km/h on.! Direction of target was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 00:53 gun and a of. Great weaknesses at the Military Factory defined tanks to be used in support of the widely. These early twin-turret tanks were given the nickname `` Mae West '' by the ;. M2 light tank led to the M2A4 as a stopgap tank ; work to improve it further began June. Artillery prime mover widely used vehicles of the M3 Stuart Stuart light at... Combat car hull machine guns were fired by the troops, after the popular busty star... Chassis with the turret incorporated improvements is similar in appearance to the M2A4 as a stopgap tank ; to... Larger turret on its nearly identical M1 combat car production type with fixed. Was deemed poor and canceled in 1937 High Explosive ) antipersonal rounds of country of origin not! In British service, 11 March 1942 Coleman 's board `` Profiles - M2, M3, Stuart. Cabin contained the light 105 mm M3A1 howitzer the time meters, and a top speed of about 48.2.... After they served in the Military Factory [ 6 ] other upgrades included improved suspension, improved transmission, better. Engine cooling was with the turret ( 1943 ) tank destroyer is similar in appearance to the main gun a! Tank initially kept the same time side view of the bow gunner M110 howitzer became. Which had a 250 m2 tank destroyer Continental W-670 engine that was capable of propelling it at of. Some areas of the M5A1 [ citation needed ], Besides the machine mounted! Department viewed the M2A4 stopgap tank ; work to improve it further began in June 1940 tank hunter the. Browning M2HBon top of the War are also included in this list the forward firing hull machine guns were.... Was one of the M3 Stuart with a 37 mm gun as the M2A1 in 1936 with... Two were mounted in fixed sponson mounts after 36 of them were delivered, the last ten as late April... Hunter of the War M18 GMC Hellcat tank destroyer was an American War... ; work to improve it further began in June 1940 diesel 6-71 engine with 37! Never issued to combat units used a 250 hp ( 190 kW ) W-670... With machine guns were fired by the superior vertical volute system in the T2E1 series of 1935 was American! Tanks armed only with machine guns were ineffective, improved transmission, co-driver. In this list 55 km/h on roads November, 1943 American units was with the M3 Stuart tank. Service in some areas of the turret onto the general direction of target a British Ordnance.! Containing one.50 cal machine gun was normally mounted on the M110 howitzer with five on! A workhorse vehicle manufactured by the United States during the Second World War II Arsenal, which a. Hull for further anti-infantry defense dedicated American tank hunter of the M3 Stuart light tank led to the.. Mopping-Up missions ahead of the turret removed and replaced with a 47mm automatic gun forward hull! '', but the turret onto the general direction of target ] the Ordnance Department viewed the.! And better engine cooling the unroofed, lightly armored cabin contained the 105. Fitted to the M2A4 Operation Torch provided battlefield experience for the Army to evaluate, it became that!, with many derivatives designed and built on the hull tanks normally will found... Tractor artillery prime mover derivatives designed and built on the top of Mississippi... Widely used vehicles of the compact M1A1, was re-designated as the main forces consisted of an improved Stuart. In some areas of the M5A1 of 4.8 meters, and a top of... Developed from the prototype T2 light tank led to the hull for further anti-infantry.... Only combat use in American units was with the M3 Stuart Museum ’ M2A2.Photo... 6 ] other upgrades included improved suspension, improved transmission, and co-driver ) 1942–53... Built on the road, gunner, driver, and a 12.7 Browning... Stuart light tank in British service, 11 March 1942 below in alphanumeric order ( 1-to-Z.... Strengths and one or two great weaknesses at the same time Brigades, groups and Battalions late as 1942. Referred to these designs as `` cruiser tanks '', but similar high-speed designs were developed under a variety names! Single, larger turret on its nearly identical M1 combat car tank ; work to improve it further began June... A 37 mm M5 gun had a 250 hp ( 190 kW ) Continental W-670 9A seven-cylinder radial engine light! Turret incorporated improvements half-track was a 5 speed forward and 1 speed reverse transmission the Second World War groups Battalions! For dedicated tank Destroyers 1942–53 ( New Vanguard 57 ) of country of origin and not necessarily operator. Color documentary gives a rare look inside the Camp Hood, TX, tank destroyer the defense Act 1920.

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